What are sputum cells and leptin

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What are sputum cells and leptin

Leptin was the first trace hormone discovered in 1994 and secreted by white micro-cells.

Animal experiments have shown that mice lacking leptin have reduced metabolic rate, increased food intake, and severe obesity.

銆€銆€The mother cell: from the storage of energy to the secretion of hormones, the storage of aunts in the human body, the number of hernia cells in billions, divided into two types: white axillary cells and brown axillary cells.

The aunt’s organization in the human body is mainly composed of white aunts.

銆€銆€White micro-cells contain a large dung drop. It is this kind of micro-cell that constitutes a large number of aunts in patients with excessive disease. The volume of white fecal cells can be accumulated a hundred times. Imagine how it would be when a marble becomes as big as football or basketball.The fact that the body’s obesity can reach an alarming level.

Moreover, unfortunately, once the cells have accumulated and expanded, they become difficult to disappear or return to their original state.

The tiny micro-cells contain tiny droplets and contain more tiny structures that can be decomposed and burned. They can directly convert small amounts stored in the body into transformations, reducing microscopic accumulation.

銆€銆€As a result, scientists are looking to develop appropriate drugs that attempt to turn white tiny cells into brown tiny cells in order to burn off too much misfortune to treat obesity.

銆€銆€Accident: Juvenile cells secrete leptin. It can be said that juvenile cells have always been annoying and scary things in people’s minds. Even scientists have always thought that juvenile cells are passive and negative.

However, when scientists declared war on obesity, they found that the exception organization not only silently stores energy, but also actively sends powerful chemical signals to the brain, liver, muscle, reproductive organs and immune system, and directs many people in the body.Kind of activity.
銆€銆€Scientists have discovered that special cells can secrete dozens of undesirable cytokines or abnormal hormones, which have a significant regulatory effect on the body’s physiological functions.

銆€銆€Leptin was the first trace hormone discovered in 1994 and secreted by white micro-cells.

Animal experiments have shown that mice lacking leptin have reduced metabolic rate, increased food intake, and severe obesity.
After injection of leptin into these mice, the metabolic rate increased, the appetite was inhibited, and the body weight decreased, indicating that leptin has a significant weight loss effect.

Later, it was confirmed that when the body’s leptin content increased to a certain amount, it acts on the hypothalamus, suppresses appetite, reduces energy absorption, increases metabolic rate, increases energy consumption, inhibits slight synthesis, and thus significantly reduces body weight and light amount;When the serum leptin concentration decreases, the food intake increases and the metabolic rate decreases, which restores the body’s stool capacity.

If the body’s leptin levels are too low or structurally variable and lose activity, it can lead to fatal over-deposition and cause obesity.

It can be seen that the scorpion cells coordinate the body’s energy supply and energy storage by secreting leptin, so that the body’s aunt remains relatively stable.

銆€銆€The surprising discovery of leptin-resistant leptin by Nene has revitalized scientists to hope that it will bring hope to the treatment of obesity.

However, when the researchers tested the leptin levels in obese people, they found that the level of leptin in their blood was not low, but it was significantly higher than normal.

Scientists believe that this contradiction is due to the insensitivity of the human body to leptin, resulting in leptin resistance.

Just like diabetes patients have higher insulin levels, tissues are not sensitive to insulin, blood sugar is still elevated, and insulin resistance occurs.

銆€銆€Leptin affects the function of the hypothalamus and affects the development of endocrine hormones, which promotes gonadotropin, initiates puberty, triggers ovarian maturation, ovulation, pregnancy or retinal pill development.

These effects of leptin can explain that those particularly thin legs and female professional athletes often stop menstruating, obesity will have menstrual disturbances, reproductive function decline and so on.

In addition, male children with obesity have disordered sex hormone secretion due to leptin resistance, and puberty is delayed.

銆€銆€Leptin also inhibits insulin production and improves the sensitivity of sputum.

Due to the phenomenon of leptin resistance in obese people, the inhibition of insulin production is weakened, resulting in an increase in insulin secretion, formation of hyperinsulinemia, and decreased sensitivity of insulin, thereby promoting diabetes.

銆€銆€Active endocrine organ Adiponectin is another hormone protein secreted by micro-cells that has anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, anti-atherosclerosis and enhanced resistance.

銆€銆€Obese, insulin resistant and type 2 diabetic patients have lower levels of adiponectin than normal.

Increasing the level of adiponectin can improve insulin sensitivity and increase the level of high-density lipoprotein plasma (good plasma).

It has been initially confirmed that adiponectin can significantly improve insulin resistance, enhance the sensitivity of tissue to insulin, and protect the function of insulin-producing B cells.

銆€銆€The study found that in overweight and obese people, the greater the number of risk factors for coronary heart disease, the higher the concentration of adiponectin in the plasma; the higher the concentration of adiponectin in the blood, the risk of acute myocardial infarction.

This is because adiponectin has obvious anti-atherosclerotic function, protects vascular endothelial cells, inhibits inflammatory responses induced by various antibiotic cytokines, inhibits proliferation and migration of aortic smooth muscle cells, thereby preventing and improving arteries.Atherosclerosis.

銆€銆€Adult cells also secrete other adult hormones that, along with the above-mentioned adiponectin and leptin, mobilize or suppress immune system function.

銆€銆€In general, assistant organizations have active endocrine functions, secrete many hormones and cytokines, and regulate the physiological functions of the human body.

When the body is obese, it disrupts the internal secretory function of a few tissues, leading to obesity being susceptible to diabetes, atherosclerosis and heart attack.

If diabetics can take various positive measures and means to reduce the amount of micro-organisms in the body, it will help small organizations to play a normal endocrine function, and also contribute to complications such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.