The new view of the world: Abe's constitutional "roadmap"

Pacific after Allied Commander MacArthur arrived in Japan, the command August 30, 1945 Japan established the Commission of Inquiry constitutional issues to the Secretary of State as chairman of Matsumoto Cheng cure, hope that the Japanese self-reflection, to develop a new constitution to prevent the revival of militarism。
But the Japanese side submitted a draft stipulates that the emperor is still the owner of the country's highest authority, has the supreme command of the army。   Deeply concerned MacArthur Japan immediately deprived of the power to draft a new Constitution, Civil Affairs Command GHQ of 25 young officers in a week time to draft a constitution alone。
February 2, 1946 MacArthur put a note to the Bureau of Civil Affairs Whitney, and wrote the three views。
Article I, Emperor of only a national symbol; the second is war with Japan abolished state power, but also to renounce war as a means of self-defense, Japan and will not be granted powers to armed forces have。
In mid-1946 November 3 draft amendment to the Constitution of Japan officially announced。 Subsequently, the draft constitution has been distributed to all over Japan to discuss。 People seriously debated for a month, and proposed amendments。
Government newspapers and radio stations arranged in a large-scale educational program, explain all the points, and answer questions。
1947 Annual any time January 24 ministers of Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida Cabinet of State Kijūrō Shidehara made, in terms of the new constitution, it will be added to the so-called "non-war clause", to use constitutional means prohibits Japan from any military establishment – – regardless of any form of military establishment。
  Shidehara views are certainly MacArthur, then, in the "Constitution of Japan" in Chapter IX with the following statement: "Japanese people sincerely seeks international peace based on justice and order, the country will never give up the right to launch the war, threat of force or use of force as means of settling international disputes exercise of。 In order to achieve the project before, do not keep the Armed Forces and other forces of war does not recognize the right of belligerency of the country。 "May 3, 1947" Constitution of Japan "official purposes。 According to this constitution, the emperor is nominally masters of the country, but can only play a "role purely ritual" (that is, the spiritual leader of the country)。
This place is famous Constitution Article IX, that "the Japanese people sincerely seeks international peace based on justice and order, the country will never give up the right to wage war, threat of force or use of force as means of settling international disputes."。
"In order to achieve the project before, do not keep the Armed Forces and other forces of war does not recognize the right of belligerency of the country."。
  Because of this provision, Japan's postwar Constitution, also known as "peace constitution" and "peace constitution" of Article IX has become the most important basic ideas of the post-war Japanese documents。
Such as Japanese scholars wrote that "peace constitution" is the "Convention" after the war summed up the lessons of Japan made to the world。
February 1957 "to change the Constitution to send" representatives Kishi (incumbent Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's grandfather) became Japan's prime minister。 Kishi had "Manchuria demon," said the post-war International Military Tribunal for the Far East he had been listed as a Class A war criminals, but because the United States believes he has worked with Tojo had a dispute on the Battle of Saipan issue, it is not to the prosecution, acquittal。   After Kishi to power, it wanted to achieve the purpose of amending the Constitution through a constitutional interpretation。
He pointed out: "In order to defend itself, even under the existing constitution also allowed to have nuclear weapons。
"Kishi government perversely aroused strong resistance from the Japanese people, Japanese people after the war set off the largest-scale protests in June 1960 Kishi was forced to resign。
Mid-November 1982 by the media impact of Kishi served as Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone。
Upon his inauguration, he showed unusual interest in constitutional issues。 He distributed to the press, "my political beliefs," one wrote: "Japan must revise its constitution given by the United States, this is my consistent belief。 "But the Japanese people strongly opposed, forcing Nakasone had to give up constitutional attempt。 Like they said in a conversation in mid-October of 1986 as: "Freedom National Acura postwar constitution brought about by the constitution rooted in people's minds。
Especially in the case of people born after the war increased, holding the nostalgic mood to amend the constitution, it was opposed by only。 "November 21, 2012 Shinzo Abe, president of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party House of Representatives election campaign platform released。 Ran on a platform to "recapture Japan" in the title, we will amend the constitution put forward by Japan's Self-Defense Forces to "Wehrmacht," the idea and proposed to further expand staffing and budget Self-Defense Force, Coast Guard, etc., to strengthen Japan's territorial waters Guard and other new laws。   During the last time as prime minister, Abe tried to change Japan's postwar system to achieve Japan's "normal country" of。 To this end, Abe vigorously promote the establishment of national referendum bill, reduce legal shackles for future constitutional amendments。
At that time, Abe has also set up study how Japan can exercise collective self-defense association,。 Under its auspices, the association will be proposed to implement the exercise of collective self-defense of Japan by 4 ways。 July 2013 Japan's Liberal Democratic Party plans to propose first amend Article 96 in the Senate election campaign platform in April last year, so as to realize a summary of the Self-Defense Forces to "Wehrmacht" and the Emperor changed from "national symbol" national "summit" of The draft constitutional amendment content。 The purpose is to amend Article 9 of the meeting of governmental experts to explain being discussed to form the working group is expected to discuss the future will be officially launched in autumn。
  Currently, we advocate the revision of Article 96 of the LDP and the Japan Restoration Party forces in the House of Representatives of more than two-thirds constitutional amendment proposal must seat。
If the two parties to continue to increase in seats in the Senate, the constitutional amendment could be formally put on the political agenda。